Tagmi

A,I,U (vowels)

BANTOANON (ASI)
VOWELS
Heather J Crossley, SIL (June 2014)
OPEN SYLLABLES: INITIAL & FINAL STRESS

OPEN SYLLABLES: INITIAL STRESS

INITIAL STRESSED VOWEL Aa, OPEN SYLLABLE (two syllable word)

Aa adlaw
‘sun’

Bb baka
‘cow’

Kk kaha
‘matchbox’

Dd dawi
‘key’

Ee

Gg gahà
‘window’

Hh hasang
fish scale’

Ii

Ll lata
‘can/tin’

Mm mada
’rice bird’

Nn nanay
‘mother’

NGng ngayan
‘name’

Oo

Pp padong
‘umbrella’

Rr rahon
‘leaf’

Ss sada
‘skirt’

Tt tawo
‘person’

Uu

Ww wasay
‘axe’

Yy yadag
‘sail’

INITIAL STRESSED VOWEL Ii (Ee), OPEN SYLLABLE (two syllable word)

Aa

Bb bibi
‘peking duck’

Kk kilay
‘eyebrow’

Dd Diday
‘Diday’

Ee Eba
‘Eve’

Gg giba
‘lap’

Hh hilot
‘massage’

Ii init
‘heat’

Ll linog
‘earthquake’

Mm minos
‘lower/less’

Nn nigo
‘rice cleaning tray’

NGng ngisi
‘tooth’

Oo

Pp pito
‘whistle’

Rr rilà
‘tongue’

Ss siko
‘elbow’

Tt tita
‘aunt/aunty’

Uu

Ww wislik
‘flick off fingers’

Yy yelo
‘ice/snow/frost’

INITIAL STRESSED VOWEL Uu (Oo), OPEN SYLLABLE (two syllable word)

Aa

Bb buhò
‘hole’

Kk kulay
’colour’

Dd dutà
‘ground/land/earth’

Ee

Gg guwang
‘type of weaving palm’

Hh hulin
'marble’ (for playing)

Ii

Ll lugit
‘copra/dried coconut’

Mm muyat
‘look/watch’

Nn nupay
‘seem like/as if’

NGng nguso
‘snout/nose’

Oo otan
‘vegetable’

Pp pusò
‘heart’

Rr rugô
‘blood’

Ss suyat
‘letter/write’

Tt tubì
‘water’

Uu uyo
‘head’

Ww

Yy yumà

‘old’

OPEN SYLLABLES: FINAL STRESS

INITIAL UNSTRESSED VOWEL Aa, OPEN SYLLABLE (two syllable word)

Aa apâ
‘person with
speech impediment’

Bb bayáy
‘house’

Kk kató
‘that (far)’

Dd damót
‘hand/arm’

Ee abér
‘even if/even though’

Gg gatâ
‘coconut milk’

Hh hayó
‘lizard/iguana/goana’

Ii

Ll labá
‘launder’
(in a laundry area)

Mm matá
‘eye’

Nn namók
‘mosquito’

NGng ngangá
‘wide open mouth’

Oo

Pp pakâ
‘frog/toad’

Rr rahâ
‘there (close-distance)’

Ss sabáw
‘soup’

Tt tabâ
‘fat’

Uu

Ww wayó
‘eight’ (objects)

Yy yayán
‘eat only one food’

INITIAL UNSTRESSED VOWEL Ii (Ee), OPEN SYLLABLE (two syllable word)

Aa

Bb bitín
‘unfinished/unsatisfied’

Kk kilát
‘lightning’

Dd dilí
‘here’

Ee

Gg giníng
‘earthenware water urn’

Hh hibî
‘to sob’

Ii ilíg
‘flow’

Ll liwít
‘fish species (long thin)’

Mm mimíng
‘meow/kitty’ (sound)

Nn ni-ó
‘what?’

NGng

Oo

Pp pitík
‘flick of fingers’

Rr ri-ín
‘where to?’

Ss sikí
‘foot/leg’

Tt tibór
‘treasure’

Uu uníng
‘cat’

Ww

Yy

INITIAL UNSTRESSED VOWEL Uu (Oo), OPEN SYLLABLE (two syllable word)

Aa

Bb bukô
‘no/not true’

Kk kulóng
‘imprison/pen up’

Dd dupít
‘filthy’

Ee

Gg gulóng
‘wheel/tyre’

Hh hubág
‘boil/carbuncle’

Ii

Ll luwás
‘save spiritually’

Mm muhón
boundary marker’

Nn nupáy
‘seem like/as if’

NGng

Oo

Pp putó
‘youngest child’

Rr rutó
‘there (far)

Ss suyô
‘flare/flaming torch’

Tt tubór
‘rooster’

Uu ugóy
‘bald’

Ww

Yy yudó

‘opposite side’

CLOSED SYLLABLES: INITIAL & FINAL STRESS

CLOSED SYLLABLES: INITIAL STRESS

INITIAL STRESSED VOWEL Aa, CLOSED SYLLABLE (two syllable word)

Aa am
‘rice water scumꞌ*

Bb adlaw
‘sun/day’

Kk karga
‘cargo’

Dd dardar
‘thinly slicing cassava’

Ee

Gg gansa
‘goose’

Hh hagkos
‘cumabund’

Ii Inday
‘Inday’

Ll lansang
‘nail’

Mm mangyan
‘Mindoro ethnic group’

Nn

NGng ngakngak
‘cry of a child’

Oo

Pp patsi
‘medicinal leaf on temple

Rr raglì
‘under-cooked’

Ss sanrok
‘shared food gift’

Tt taktak
lower a fishing net’

Uu umpok
bouce’

Ww wakwak
kind of spirit being’

Yy yagwat
‘space between things’

INITIAL STRESSED VOWEL Ii (Ee), CLOSED SYLLABLE (two syllable word)

Aa

Bb bikti
‘suicide’

Kk kilkig
poison put in food’

Dd digdig
‘to prod’

Ee el-el
‘high pitched laugh’

Gg gisgis
‘a scrape injury’

Hh hikrò
‘hiccough’

Ii ik-ik
‘fish species’

Ll lignaw
‘rinse’

Mm mismo
‘itself/himself’

Nn ninro
‘your’ (plural)

NGng ngislì
smile’

Oo

Pp pingkaw
‘deformed hand/arm’

Rr ringring
‘wall’

Ss singsing
‘ring’

Tt tingà
‘food between teeth’

Uu

Ww wilwil
‘hanging loosely’

Yy

INITIAL STRESSED VOWEL Uu (Oo), CLOSED SYLLABLE (two syllable word)

Aa

Bb bukbok
‘wood boring insect’

Kk korkor
‘grate coconut’

Dd dordor
‘pull on a tether/leash’

Ee

Gg gusto
‘want/like’

Hh Hunyo ‘June’

Ii

Ll loslos
‘haemoroids/hernia’

Mm murto
‘ghost’

Nn nuntan
‘to accompany’

NGng ngotngot
‘throbbing pain’

Oo kotkot

‘dig soil’

Pp pulbos
‘talcum powder’

Rr rug-on
‘to press heavily’

Ss sunrang
‘machete’

Tt tugrok
to build/erect

Uu uswag
‘to prosper/progress’

Ww

Yy yugrang
‘to sink’

CLOSED SYLLABLES: FINAL STRESS

FINAL STRESSED VOWEL Aa, CLOSED SYLLABLE (two syllable word)

Aa antár
‘distance away’

Bb bag-áng
‘molar’

Kk kumpáy
‘grass fodder’

Dd

Ee

Gg gilták
‘a crack’

Hh hastáng
‘until’

Ii li-áb
‘collar bones/clavicles’

Ll langgáb
‘to steal or encroach
on land/landgrab’

Mm muslág
‘infant’

Nn nanáng
‘motherꞌ

NGng ngangá
‘wide open mouth’

Oo

Pp panhâ
‘visit/go there’

Rr ray-án
‘to take there’

Ss suy-ám
‘rich food’

Tt tangyár

‘lemon grass’

Uu ugtás
‘temper tantrum’

Ww wanráng
‘restless when sick’

Yy yanggás
‘cleanse a wound’

FINAL STRESSED VOWEL Ii (Ee), CLOSED SYLLABLE (two syllable word)

Aa bulíng
‘dirt’

Bb baktín
‘pig’

Kk kambíng
‘goat’

Dd dastér
‘loose house dress’

Ee

Gg

Hh halíng
‘to make/kindle a fire’

Ii linglíng
‘stretch to look’

Ll pulís
‘police’

Mm mimíng
‘meow/kitty’ (sound)

Nn Niníng
‘Nining (name)

NGng

Oo

Pp paltík
‘flick fingers on knuckles’

Rr Ringríng

‘wall of room’

Ss Pasíng
‘Pasingꞌ (name)

Tt tiltíl

‘etch/chisel’ (stone)

Uu uníng
‘cat’

Ww

Yy yangsî
go pale skinned’

FINAL STRESSED VOWEL Uu (Oo), CLOSED SYLLABLES (two syllable word)

Aa anghóy
‘smell of meat’

Bb bis-óy
‘grainy feeling in eye’

Kk kingkóy
‘joking person/comedian’

Dd dinggóy
‘always asking for things’

Ee

Gg gum-ók
‘drop clothes untidily

Hh him-óng
‘be still and quiet’

Ii ingkóy
‘nape of neck’

Ll lig-ór
‘take to pasture’

Mm manghór
‘younger sibling’

Nn ninróng
‘your’ (plural)

NGng ngoyngóy
‘crying words/lament’

Oo

Pp pus-ón
‘abdomen below umbilicus’

Rr ruksóy
‘dog jumps up’

Ss sukróy
‘to a certain height’

Tt tayhóp
‘traditional medicinal treatment’

Uu usbór
‘shoots on a plant’

Ww wayóng
‘eight’ (objects)

Yy yanróng
‘shade’